How to Address Chronic Kidney Disease in Dogs Naturally
The primary function of dog kidneys is to filter waste products from the blood and excrete them as urine. If the kidneys are not working properly as a result of acute or chronic kidney disease, waste products can build up in the blood and have negative effects on the dog. Since kidney disease progresses over time, it is important to be aware of the common symptoms so that you can identify them early. If kidney disease is detected early in dogs, treatment can slow its progression and extend your dog’s life. Notwithstanding, long-term or chronic kidney disease in dogs can also be addressed if discovered.
Chronic kidney failure in dogs, otherwise known as renal failure, is a long-term condition in which dog kidneys are unable to efficiently filter waste products from the blood. Chronic kidney disease in dogs worsens over time, and by the time pets show signs, the damage is severe. Kidney diseases can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
- Complete or partial obstruction
- Ingestion of toxic foods
- Exposure to hazardous environments.
- Certain medications
- Age factor
Signs and Symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease in Dogs
Signs and symptoms of chronic diseases in dogs are rare, and most times they vary depending on the severity of the disease. The common observable symptoms include:
- Decreased appetite.
- Drinking more or less water.
- Change in volume and frequency of urination.
- Blood in urine
- Bad breath
- Unexplained weight loss.
- Loss of interest in playing or interacting.
- Drunken behavior or uncoordinated movement, such as stumbling
- Vomiting or diarrhea.
- Pale gums
- Signs of dental disease like pale gums, smelly breath, and mouth ulcer
Addressing Chronic Kidney disease in dog
Other than a complete kidney transplant, there is no known possible cure for chronic kidney disease. There are, however, therapies that might help manage the symptoms and slow down the potential progression of the illness. The goal of the therapies is to lessen the amount of work the kidneys have to do, replenish elements like potassium, and lessen waste that builds up. The treatment includes:
Changing your dog’s diet plan is the main treatment for chronic kidney disease. A diet low in protein, sodium, and phosphorus concentrations is recommended for CKD dogs. The goal behind lowering the dietary protein concentration for dogs is to help lower the amount of nitrogenous waste produced during protein metabolism.
Since CKD dogs gradually lose the ability to excrete phosphorus in their urine, it is vital to lower its concentration in the dog’s diet to lower the workload of the kidneys. High-sodium diets can lead to elevated blood pressure, potentially worsening kidney damage. Therefore, restricting sodium consumption is crucial while managing chronic kidney disease. An increased concentration of omega-3 fatty acid in the dog’s diet is also recommended, as it has the tendency to slow the progression of chronic kidney disease and extend lifespan.
Dialysis ( extracorporeal therapies)
The process of dialysis entails pumping blood from a dog through several specialized filters and back again using specialized equipment. Usually, the goal is to get rid of harmful substances in the blood that are linked to kidney failure. A specialist in internal medicine or critical care usually works with other veterinarians to carry out this treatment and also ensure comprehensive care even after the dialysis.
Constant dehydration is usually noticed in dogs Dogs suffering from CKD. Administering fluids under the dog’s skin (i.e., subcutaneously) helps by preventing dehydration, cleansing the kidneys, and replenishing electrolytes. The procedure may be administered twice a day or once a week, depending on the severity of the dog’s kidney failure.
The goal of medications is to help minimize the severity of symptoms. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, for instance, are administered to lower pressure in the kidneys, therefore lessening the degree of proteinuria.