The Complete Guide to Guinea Pig Care

The Complete Guide to Guinea Pig Care

Guinea pigs are popular pets for people of all ages. They are relatively low-maintenance and can be very affectionate. However, it is essential to research before getting a guinea pig to ensure you can provide them with the proper care.

Choosing a guinea pig

When choosing a guinea pig, it is essential to consider their age, sex, and personality. Guinea pigs typically live for 5-7 years, so it is necessary to choose a guinea pig that is young and healthy. It would help if you also considered whether you want a male or female guinea pig. Male guinea pigs are typically more extensive and assertive than female guinea pigs. Female guinea pigs generally are more miniature and more docile.

It is also essential to choose a guinea pig with a good personality. Guinea pigs are social animals, so it is best to get two guinea pigs of the same sex. It would help if you also chose guinea pigs that are friendly and outgoing.

Housing your guinea pig

Guinea pigs need a spacious cage with plenty of room to run and play. The cell should be at least 7.5 square feet for two guinea pigs. The cage should also have a solid bottom to prevent your guinea pigs from digging out.

You should also provide your guinea pigs with hiding places like a tunnel or house. Guinea pigs are prey animals, so they need a place to feel safe.


Guinea pigs need soft bedding to prevent their feet from getting sore. Many different types of bedding are available, such as paper bedding, fleece bedding, and hay bedding. Choose a bedding that is safe and non-toxic.

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It would help if you also spotted cleaning your guinea pig’s bedding and changing it every 3-4 days.

Food and water

Guinea pigs need a diet high in fiber and low in sugar. The best food for guinea pigs is hay. Hay should be available to your guinea pigs at all times.

You should also feed your guinea pigs a small amount of pellets and fresh vegetables daily. Choose a projectile designed explicitly for guinea pigs and avoid shots that contain high protein or fat levels.

Guinea pigs need fresh water available to them at all times. You can use a water bottle or a bowl. If you use a bowl, be sure to change the water daily.


Guinea pigs are relatively low-maintenance when it comes to grooming. You should brush your guinea pig’s fur once a week to remove loose hair and prevent mats. It would help if you also trim your guinea pig’s nails every few weeks.

You should also check your guinea pig’s ears for mites and clean them as needed. Use a cotton ball dipped in mineral oil to clean a guinea pig’s ears.


Guinea pigs need regular exercise to stay healthy. You can provide your guinea pigs with practice by allowing them to play in an exercise run or for walks on a leash.

If you have a small space, you can also provide your guinea pigs with exercise by giving them toys to play with. Guinea pigs enjoy playing with tunnels, balls, and foraging toys.

Health care

Guinea pigs are generally healthy but prone to specific health problems, such as scurvy, respiratory infections, and dental issues.

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Taking your guinea pig to the vet for a checkup at least once a year is essential. The vet will be able to check your guinea pig’s overall health and identify any potential health problems early on.

Common health problems

  • Scurvy: Scurvy is a vitamin C deficiency that can cause various health problems in guinea pigs, including anemia, bleeding gums, and loose teeth. Guinea pigs cannot produce their vitamin C, so they need to get it from their diet. You can give your guinea pigs vitamin C by feeding them fresh fruits and vegetables, such as oranges, apples, and carrots.
  • Respiratory infections: Guinea pigs are susceptible to respiratory diseases like pneumonia and bronchitis. Symptoms of a respiratory disorder include sneezing, coughing, and difficulty breathing. If you think your guinea pig has a respiratory infection, immediately take them to the vet.
  • Dental problems: Guinea pigs’ teeth grow continuously, so they must have something to chew on to keep their teeth trimmed. You can provide your guinea pigs with Timothy hay, wood chews, and hay-based treats to help keep their teeth trimmed.


Guinea pigs can make excellent pets for people of all ages. With proper care, guinea pigs can live long and healthy lives. If you are considering getting a guinea pig, do your research to ensure you can provide them with the proper care.

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